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Wednesday, 25 February 2015

Hans-Jürgen Bernhard Theodor von Arnim

Hans-Jürgen Bernhard Theodor von Arnim

Career:

Branch: Heer
Born: 4 April 1889 in Ernsdorf, Silesia, Prussia.
Died: 1 September 1962 in Bad Wildungen, Hesse.

Ranks:
Generaloberst 4 December 1942
General der Panzertruppe 1 October 1941
Generalleutnant
Generalmajor
Oberst
Oberstleutnant
Major
Hauptmann
Oberleutnant
Leutnant
Fähnrich

Decorations:
Iron Cross 1914
2nd Class 2 November 1914
1st Class 16 September 1914
Hanseatic Cross of Hamburg
House Order of Hohenzollern 7 September 1918
Wound Badge in Silver 1918
Cross of Honor
Clasp to the Iron Cross 1939
2nd Class 8 October 1939
1st Class 3 November 1939
German Cross in Gold 18 May 1942
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 4 September 1941
Ärmelband "Afrika"

Commands:
52. Infanterie-Division
17. Panzer-Division
XXXIX.Panzerkorps
5.Panzer-Armee
Heeresgruppe Afrika, Gruppo d'Armate Africa
How Hans-Jürgen von Arnim Surrendered at Last

Personal Information:

Hans-Jürgen von Arnim was born in Ernsdorf in the Prussian Province of Silesia, the son of General Hans von Arnim 1861 to 1931 and Martha Honrichs 1865 to 1953.

Hans-Jürgen von Arnim joined the German Army in 1907. During the Great War Hans-Jürgen von Arnim saw military action on both the Eastern and Western fronts. When the war had ended, he stayed on in the Reichswehr and rose to command the elite 68th Infantry Regiment in Berlin. With the rise of national socialist Germany, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim was made a major-general in 1938.

Hans-Jürgen von Arnim commanded the 52. Infanterie-Division in both the Battles for Poland and France. On October 1940, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim was given command of the 17. Panzer-Division. On the outbreak of the war against the USSR, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim was promoted to lieutenant general under Heinz Guderian, but was gravely injured a a couple of days after the beginning of the campaign.

During October 1941, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim was promoted to General der Panzertruppe and placed in command of XXXIX.Panzerkorps until November 1942, when he was appointed commandant of the 5.Panzer-Armee under Erwin Rommel in North Africa. Whilst Adolf Hitler refused to allow Erwin Rommel to return to Tunisia, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim was promoted to full general (Generaloberst) on 4 December 1942, and made Commander-in-Chief of Heeresgruppe Afrika, Gruppo d'Armate Africa and de facto commander of the Afrika Korps from 9 March 1943 until his capture by the British Indian Army's 4th Infantry Division two months later on 12 May 1943. After he was captured, Arnim allegedly expected to be met by his opposite numbers and asked to see Dwight D. Eisenhower. The American general replied to his aides to get as much information out of him as they could, but a personal meeting was inconceivable. He wouldn't meet with any Wehrmacht officers until the final capitulation. Alternatively he was brought to the British 1st Army commander in chief (C-in-C), General Kenneth Anderson.

Hans-Jürgen von Arnim served the rest of the war as a British prisoner of war interned along with 24 other German general officers at Camp Clinton, Mississippi, and was released on 1 July 1947. Hans-Jürgen von Arnim returned to Germany, where the estates he had held before the war had been taken and divided by the Soviet occupation authorities as part of a process of land reform. Hans-Jürgen von Arnim died in Bad Wildungen, Hesse.

Gallery:

Hans-Jürgen Bernhard Theodor von Arnim picture 2

Other: Personnel
Articles:

Sources:

For a complete list of sources