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Wednesday, 11 March 2015

Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck

Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck

Career:

Branch: Kaiserliche Heer
Born: 20 May 1846 in Münster, Westphalia.
Died: 19 October 1934 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.

Ranks:
Generaloberst
General der Infanterie
Generalleutnant
Generalmajor
Oberst
Oberstleutnant
Major
Hauptmann
Oberleutnant
Leutnant
Fähnrich

Decorations:

Commands:

Personal Information:

Alexander von Kluck was born at Munster, 20 May 1846, and entered the Prussian Army in 1865. Alexander von Kluck served in the Austro Prussian 1866 and Franco-Prussian 1870-1871 Wars, being wounded twice at Metz.

In 1906 Alexander von Kluck was promoted general of infantry and in 1913 Alexander von Kluck was inspector general of the 8th inspection, including the 2nd, 5th, and 6th army corps, with headquarters at Berlin.

When the Great War broke out Alexander von Kluck was placed in command of the German 1st army which invaded and overran Belgium in August 1914 and thereupon advanced west. After receiving the surrender of Brussels and masking Antwerp Alexander von Kluck moved south on Mons.

Alexander von Kluck drove the British thence, took thournai, and captured Maubeuge, the Allies falling back towards Paris and resting on the Marne and the Seine. Early in September Alexander von Kluck, whose line of advance from Mons had been south-west to the outworks of Paris, turned south-east and exposed his flank, which was attacked by the French and the British.

This brought about his defeat in the battle of the Marne, accompanied by the general retreat of the German armies. Alexander von Kluck stood on the Aisne, and early in 1915 was fighting at Soissons with success, but failed to take Soissons itself and retired in 1916.

In 1920 he published The March on Paris.

Gallery:

Other: Personnel
Articles:

Sources:

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