Branch: Kaiserliche Heer
Born: 6 December 1849 in Haus Leipnitz, Saxony, Prussia.
Died: 8 November 1945 in Burghorn, Germany.
General der Infanterie
Pour le Mérite
Grand Cross of the Iron Cross
August von Mackensen, the son of Ludwig von Mackensen, was born at haus Leipnitz, Saxony, 6 December 1849. Educated at the Torgau Gymnasium and the university of Halle, August von Mackensen entered the army in 1869 and in 1908 was general of cavalry and commander of the 17th army corps with headquarters at Danzig August von Mackensen was occupying this position when the Great War broke out.
Becoming one of Paul von Hindenburg lieutenants he was first prominent in the second attack on Warsaw and met with considerable success until held up on the Bzura in November-December 1914.
In reality generalissimo of all the Austro German forces in the south, August von Mackensen carried out the great drive in 1915 against the Russians in Galicia and the Carpathians which began with the Dunajetz battles and ended in the reconquest of nearly all Galicia. August von Mackensen then advanced into south-east Poland and co-operated in the campaign that compelled the evacuation of Warsaw by the Russians.
August von Mackensen was made a field marshal and in October-November of the same year was in command of the armies that overran Serbia After Rumania's entry into the war August von Mackensen commanded the composite army which invaded the Dobruja in August-September 1916.
Having subdued that area in combination with Erich von Falkenhayn, moving from the Transylvanian Alps August von Mackensen subjugated Rumania up to the line Sereth - Putna -Moldavian mountains by the middle of January 1917.
August von Mackensen offensive against the Russo-Rumanians in the summer of the year was not successful, but as owing to Bolshevist defection and the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Rumania had to accept a disastrous peace, August von Mackensen remained in that country until the armistice of 11 November 1918 and till then was in effect dictator of Rumania.
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