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Tuesday, 3 March 2015

Ernst Bernhard Wilhelm Busch

Ernst Bernhard Wilhelm Busch

Career:

Branch: Heer
Born: 6 July 1885 in Steele, Kreis Essen, Germany
Died: 17 July 1945 in Camp Aldershot near London, England

Ranks:
Generalfeldmarschall 30 January 1943
Generaloberst 19 July 1940
General der Infanterie 10 February 1938
Generalleutnant 30 September 1937
Generalmajor 1 September 1935
Oberst 1 December 1932
Oberstleutnant 1 February 1930
Major 1 April 1925
Hauptmann 1 February 1922
Oberleutnant
Leutnant 10 March 1914
Fähnrich 10 March 1904

Decorations:
Iron Cross 1914
2nd Class 20 September 1914
1st Class 6 March 1915
Wound Badge 1914
Knight's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords 14 June 1917
Pour le Mérite 4 October 1918
Cross of Honor 1 January 1935
Sudetenland Medal
Iron Cross 1939
2nd Class 18 September 1939
1st Class 25 September 1939
Eastern Front Medal 30 July 1942
Demyansk Shield
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Knight's Cross 26 May 1940
Oak Leaves 21 August 1943

Commands:
16. Armee
Takes command on 22 October 1939
Ends command on 11 October 1943

Personal Information:

Ernst Bernhard Wilhelm Busch was born on 6 July 1885 in Steele, Kreis Essen, Germany and started his military career during the First World War and served on the Western front during which he was awarded the Pour le Mérite in 1918. And was a serving member of the Heer during World War II and managed to attain the rank of Generalfeldmarschall and went on to command the following 16. Armee

Ernst Busch was born in Essen-Steele, Germany, and was schooled at the Groß Lichterfelde cadet academy. Ernst Busch went into the Prussian Army in 1904 and served on the Western Front during First World War. He was awarded the Pour le Mérite in 1918. After the war, Ernst Busch stayed in the army and was appointed Inspector of Transport Troops in 1925. He was promoted in 1930 to lieutenant-colonel and given command of the Infantry Regiment No. 9.

Ernst Busch served under Wilhelm List during the Invasion of Poland of 1939, and the following year he led the German 16th Army during the Western Offensive. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross by Hitler for his feats.

Ernst Busch took part in Operation Barbarossa and on 8 September 1941 his 16th Army took Demyansk prior to taking part in the siege of Leningrad. In spite of a counter attack by the Red Army, Ernst Busch's troops held the line from Staraya Russa to Ostashkov. After a courageous defence of his position he was promoted to field marshal. He commanded Heeresgruppe Mitte (Army Group Centre) in 1943 and 1944 but after the disastrous defeat of June 1944, he was dismissed by Hitler early in July 1944 and replaced by Walther Model.

Ernst Busch was called back in March 1945 when he became head of Heeresgruppe Nord (Army Group North). Along with Kurt Student and his 1st Parachute Army, Ernst Busch received the task of trying to hold the advance of Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery and the Allies into Germany. Ernst Busch surrendered to Montgomery on 3 May 1945, and passed away in a POW camp in Aldershot, England, on 17 July 1945. Ernst Busch is buried at Cannock Chase German war cemetery, Staffordshire.

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