Tuesday, 31 March 2015

Julius Alfred Ringel

Julius Alfred Ringel


Branch: Kaiserliche Heer / Reichsheer / Heer
Born: 16 November 1889 in Völkermarkt, Carinthia, Austria.
Died: 11 February 1967 in Bayerisch Gmain, Bavaria, Germany

General der Gebirgstruppe 1 June 1944
Generalleutnant 1 December 1942
Generalmajor 1 November 1940
Oberst 1 February 1939
Oberstleutnant 15 December 1932
Major 15 May 1921
Hauptmann 17 July 1917
Oberleutnant 1 August 1914
Leutnant 1 November 1910



Personal Information:

Julius Alfred Ringel was born on 16 November 1889 was an Austrian born German General der Gebirgstruppen (General of Mountain Troops). Julius Ringel was commandant the 3. Gebirgs-Division (3rd Mountain Division), 5. Gebirgs-Division (5th Mountain Division), LXIX Armeekorps (69th Army Corps), Wehrkreis IX (4th Military District) and the Korps Ringel.

Julius Ringel was born in Völkermarkt, Carinthia, Austria. In 1905 Julius Ringel joined the military academy in Vienna, on 18 August 1909 Julius Ringel graduated. After graduating Julius Ringel was assigned to the k.u.k. Landwehr Infanterie-Regiment 4 (a mountain infantry unit) and a year later, Julius Ringel was promoted to Leutnant. At the outbreak of the First World War, Julius Ringel served with Gebirgs-Schützen-Regiment 2 taking part in the operations in Galicia and the Italian Alps where Julius Ringel was taken a prisoner of war in 1918. After his release Julius Ringel return to the newly formed Republic of German Austria, Julius Ringel fought against the Serbians, Croatians and Slovenes occupying his native Carinthia. After the Carinthian Plebiscite and the creation of the First Austrian Republic, Julius Ringel was transferred to the Austrian Federal Army where Julius Ringel rose to the rank of Major in 1930 and became Oberstleutnant in 1932. Two years later he was assigned to the 5th Gebirgsjäger-Brigade.

Julius Ringel was a strong supporter of the national socialist Party, and strongly encouraged the union of Austria with the German Reich and after the Anschluss enthusiastically joined the Wehrmacht with the 3. Gebirgs-Division (3rd Mountain Division). On 1 February 1939, Julius Ringel was promoted to a full Oberst and became the commandant of the Infanterie-Regiments 74. When the Second World War began, Julius Ringel was then transferred to the 268. Infanterie-Division and on 27 October 1939 Julius Ringel accepted command of Infanterie-Regiments 266, which Julius Ringel led during the campaign in the West.

During June 1940, Julius Ringel returned to the 3. Gebirgs-Division (3rd Mountain Division), becoming its commandant on 14 July 1940. Julius Ringel led the division until the end of October, when Julius Ringel was promoted to Oberstleutnant and received a new assignment as a commandant of the newly established 5. Gebirgs-Division (5th Mountain Division). 5. Gebirgs-Division (5th Mountain Division) saw its first action in the spring of 1941 in the Balkans Campaign, operations code name Marita and Merkur. During the operations in Greece, the division distinguished itself on Crete, where it participated in the battles to secure the island from the British. For his outstanding leadership during these operations Julius Ringel was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 13 June 1941.

During November 1941, Julius Ringel's division was sent back to Germany for rest and refitting. All the same, only 4 months later he was sent back to the Eastern front. Julius Ringel commanded the 3. Gebirgs-Division (3rd Mountain Division) through the operations South West of Leningrad, where it played a leading role in the defeat of the Volkhov Front an accomplishment for which Julius Ringel was promoted to Generalleutnant and in December 1942. After nearly two years in Soviet Union, Julius Ringel was ordered to move his Division to Italy and in December 1943 it arrived on the Gustav Line near the town of Cassino. Julius Ringel stayed in Italy for another four months, before he received a new assignment and became a commandant of the LXIX Armeekorps (69th Army Corps) in Croatia. In June, Julius Ringel was once more promoted, this time to General der Gebirgstruppen (General of Mountain Troops) and put in charge of the Wehrkreis XVIII (18th Military District) from which the Korps Ringel were formed. Julius Ringel held this assignment until the end of the second world war.


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