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Wednesday, 25 March 2015

Lothar von Arnauld de la Periére

Lothar von Arnauld de la Periére

Career:

Branch: Kaiserliche Marine / Reichsmarine / Kriegsmarine
Born: 18 March 1886 in Posen.
Died: 24 February 1941.

Ranks:
Vizeadmiral 19 August 1939
Konteradmiral 25 January 1937
Kommodore
Kapitän zur See 1 October 1930
Fregattenkapitän 1 November 1928
Korvettenkapitän 1 April 1922
Kapitänleutnant 16 December 1914
Oberleutnant zur See 27 March 1909
Leutnant zur See 28 September 1906
Oberfähnrich zur See
Fähnrich zur See 15 April 1904

Decorations:
Order of the Crown (Prussia) 1906
Iron Cross 2nd class
Hanseatic Cross
Military Merit Cross
Iron Cross 1st class
Empire Silver Medal Imtiaz with Scimitars
Band for Iron Cross I Class
Military Merit Cross
Pour le Mérite 11 October 1916
Hausorden von Hohenzollern
Ottoman Empire Iron Half Moon
Knight's Cross with War Decoration Austrian Order of Leopold
Badge U-boat War 1918
Honor Cross for Combatants
War Merit Cross 2nd Class

Commands:
U-35
Takes command on 13 November 1915
Ends command on 16 March 1918

U-139
Takes command on 18 May 1918
Ends command on 11 November 1918

Emden
Takes command on 23 September 1928
Ends command on 11 October 1930

Personal Information:

Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was born on 18 March 1886 in Posen and of French parentage, was a German U-boat commander during First World War. With 194 ships and 453,716 gross register tons (GRT) sunk, he's the most successful U-boat ace ever. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière triumphs came in the Mediterranean Sea, nearly always using his 8.8-cm deck gun. During his career he fired 74 torpedoes, hitting 39 times.

Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière stayed in the Reichsmarine after the war ended. During Second World War, he was called back to active duty as a Vizadmiral, and was killed in a plane crash near Paris in 1941 while participating in secret negotiations with the Vichy French government.

In 1757 France, after a duel with a Prince de Bourbon, Jean-Gabriel Arnauld, Seigneur de la Perière, a young artillery officer aged 26 in Saint Plantaire, had to leave the country not to be incarcerated. He went to Prussia and joined the army of Frederick II, the Great, King of Prussia. Because of his aristocratic ancestry he was entered into the Prussian aristocracy, and because of his service he attained the rank of three star General. Wedded 3 times, he had 14 children. His 12th, Eugen Ahasverus Albertus, born in 1800, was the grandfather of Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière.

Eugen von Arnauld de la Perière was wedded twice and had in total 10 children. His 2nd wife, Olga Spalding, on 28 April 1856 gave birth to Eugen Emil Alexander Valentin von Arnauld de la Perière, father of Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière.

E. E. A. V. von Arnauld de la Perière was married to Bertha Müller. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was their 2nd child. His father being in the government service, Lothar was entitled to be educated at the cadet school of Wahlstatt and later at Gross-Lichterfelde.

Arnauld von Arnauld de la Perière enrolled with Kaiserliche Marine in 1903. Subsequently serving on the battleships SMS Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm, Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein, he served as torpedo officer on the light cruiser Emden from 1911 to 1913.

At the start of the World War I, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière attended admiral Hugo von Pohl in Berlin. On mobilisation, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was transferred to an active post where he served in the Marine-Luftschiff-Abteilung. In 1915, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière transferred to the U-boats. After a course in Pola, he was given command of the U-35 in November 1915. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière made fourteen voyages with the U-35 during which he sank 189 cargo ships and 2 gunboats for a total of 446,708 GRT. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was then transferred to the U-139 in May 1918, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière sank a further 5 ships with a combined tonnage of 7,008 GRT. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière record number of tonnage is unbeaten since then. For his service, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was awarded the Iron Cross, second and 1st class, and the Pour le Mérite in 1916.

After the end of the Second World War, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière stayed in a cut down Reichsmarine. During the 1920s, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière served as navigation officer on the old pre-dreadnoughts SMS Hannover and SMS Elsaß. From 1928 to 1930, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière commanded the light cruiser Emden. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was promoted to captain in 1931, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was put on the retired list. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière then tutored at the Turkish naval academy from 1932 to 1938.

At the start of Second World War, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was again called back for active duty. Until March 1940, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière served as naval commanding officer in Danzig until he was sent to the Low Countries as naval commanding officer for Belgium and Netherlands. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was promoted to rear admiral, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was made naval commanding officer in Brittany and later for the entire western French seacoast. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was promoted to rear admiral on 1 February 1941. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was transferred to take up the position of commanding officer as Admiral South, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was killed when his aeroplane went down on takeoff near Le Bourget aerodrome. Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière is buried in Berlin at the Invalidenfriedhof.

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