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Wednesday, 4 March 2015

Otto Ciliax

Otto Ciliax

Career:

Branch: Kaiserliche Marine / Kriegsmarine
Born: 30 October 1891 in Neudietendorf, Gotha, Germany.
Died: 12 December 1964 in Travemünde, Lübeck, Germany.

Ranks:
Admiral
Vizeadmiral
Konteradmiral
Kommodore
Kapitän zur See
Fregattenkapitän
Korvettenkapitän
Kapitänleutnant
Oberleutnant zur See
Leutnant zur See 27 September 1913
Oberfähnrich zur See
Fähnrich zur See

Decorations:
Iron Cross 1914
2nd Class 13 June 1916
1st Class 3 November 1916
U-boat War Badge 1918
Order of the Crown of Italy
Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords 6 June 1939
Spanish Medalla de la Campaña de España
German Cross in Gold on 20 November 1941
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 21 March 1942

Commands:
Admiral Scheer
Takes command on 22 September 1936
Ends command on 31 October 1938

Scharnhorst
Takes command on 7 January 1939
Ends command on 23 September 1939

Personal Information:

Otto Ciliax was born on 30 October 1891 in Neudietendorf and was a serving member of the Kaiserliche Marine and Kriegsmarine during World War II and managed to attain the rank of Admiral and went on to command the following Admiral Scheer and Scharnhorst

Otto Ciliax joined the military service of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) on 1 April 1910 as a Seekadett. Otto Ciliax completed his basic training aboard SMS Victoria Louise before transferring to the Naval Academy Mürwik. After leaving the Academy, he went to serve aboard the battleship SMS Hannover and was promoted to Leutnant zur See (second lieutenant) on 27 September 1913.
As the Watch-Officer of SM U-52 in First World War he sank the cruiser HMS Nottingham. Otto Ciliax was a former captain of Scharnhorst. In February 1942, he commanded Operation Cerberus, better known as the Channel Dash, when Germany's two battleships, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen and a number of other smaller vessels were transferred from Brest to their individual home bases in Germany for planned deployment to Norwegian waters. Otto Ciliax flew his flag on Scharnhorst. Whilst the success of the operation was seen as an embarrassment to the British because the ships were able to infiltrate the English Channel nearly undetected (although both Scharnhorst and Gneisenau ran into a minefield on the way), the transfer from Brest to Germany did away with the threat they had posed to Allied merchant vessels in the Atlantic, that dissipated until Scharnhorst,s chase for Convoy JW 55B, which finally climaxed in the Battle of North Cape and her demise at the hands of HMS Duke of York.

Gallery:

Other: Personnel
Articles:

Sources:

For a complete list of sources