Branch: Kaiserliche Heer
Born: 17 February 1855 in Stolp, Germany.
Died: 22 August 1929 in Munich, Germany.
General der Infanterie
Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders, the son of Karl Leonhard Liman, was born at Stolp, Prussia, 16 June 1855. Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders entered the German army as a lieutenant of cavalry in 1874. In 1913 Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders attained the rank of a general, commanded by the 22nd division, and being ennobled, added von Sanders to the family name.
In 1914 Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders was sent to Constantinople and, having been appointed a Turkish field-marshal, was commander-in-chief of the Turkish forces opposing the Allies in Gallipoli in 1915. After the death of Kolmar von der Goltz, Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders directed the operations of the Turkish armies in the middle east and in 1918 was in chief command in Palestine and Syria when Allenby conquered those countries.
After the armistice Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders surrendered to the Allies, was interned in Malta, and released in August 1919 when he returned to Germany.
Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders published Five Years of Turkey, in 1920, an English edition of which appeared in 1928.
Otto Victor Karl Liman von Sanders died August 24th 1929.
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