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Tuesday, 10 March 2015

Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg

Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg

Career:

Branch: Kaiserliche Heer
Born: 2 October 1847 in Posen, Grand Duchy of Posen.
Died: 2 August 1934 in Neudeck near Rosenberg, East Prussia, Germany.

Ranks:
Generalfeldmarschall 27 November 1914
Generaloberst 1914
General der IV Armee-Korps in Magdeburg 1905
Generalleutnant 1900
Generalmajor 1897
Oberst 1893
Oberstleutnant 1890
Hauptmann 1876
Oberleutnant
Leutnant April 1866
Fähnrich

Decorations:
Hohe Orden vom Schwarzen Adler 1911
Orden Pour le Mérite 23 February 1914

Commands:

Personal Information:

Paul von Hindenburg, a member of a Prussian Junker family was born October 1 1847 in Posen. Educated at the military college Paul von Hindenburg joined the Prussian army in 1865 and served throughout the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71, being present at the battles of St Privat and Sedan and the siege of Paris. Later Paul von Hindenburg was on the staff of the 1st army corps at Konigsberg and devoted himself to the study of the military problems presented by the district of the Masurian Lakes (Mazurenland).

Rising in rank till Paul von Hindenburg became general of the infantry and commander of an army corps Paul von Hindenburg retired from the army in 1911 and was living at Hanover when the Great War broke out. On the russian invasion of East Prussia in August 1914 Paul von Hindenburg was appointed to the command of the German forces in that province and on August 23 established his headquarters at Marienburg. Before the month closed he defeated the Russians disastrously in the battle of Tannenberg largely owing to his special knowledge of the terrain. Paul von Hindenburg pursued the Russians to the Niemen but was compelled to retire into East Prussia. On September 25th Paul von Hindenburg was put in chief command of the Austro-German forces which invaded Poland and made the first attack on Warsaw in the following October, but without success. In his second attack on Warsaw Paul von Hindenburg defeated the Russians at Kutno on November 15-16 and for this victory was made a field marshal. During the rest of 1914, throughout 1915, and during the greater part of 1916 Paul von Hindenburg was german generalissimo on the eastern front.

On August 30 1916 it was announced that Erich von Falkenhayn had been removed from the position of chief of the central general staff and that Paul von Hindenburg had been appointed chief of the general staff of the field army. From that time to the signing of the armistice by Germany on November 11th 1918, Paul von Hindenburg was the german generalissimo, Erich von Ludendorff being his chief of staff.

After the German revolution Paul von Hindenburg remained in command of the German Army but retired into private life in June 1919. His memoirs Out of my Life appeared in 1920. In 1925 Paul von Hindenburg was elected president of the republic and Paul von Hindenburg was re-elected in 1932, when Paul von Hindenburg was called upon to deal with the difficulties created by the activities of Adolf Hitler and his followers.

Gallery:

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Articles:

Sources:

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