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Tuesday, 31 March 2015

Reinhard Scheer

Reinhard Scheer

Career:

Branch: Kaiserliche Marine
Born: 30 September 1863, Obernkirchen, Lower Saxony, Germany.
Died: 26 November 1928, Marktredwitz, Germany.

Ranks:
Admiral
Vizeadmiral
Konteradmiral
Kommodore
Kapitän zur See
Fregattenkapitän
Korvettenkapitän
Kapitänleutnant
Oberleutnant zur See
Leutnant zur See
Oberfähnrich zur See
Fähnrich zur See

Decorations:
Pour le Merite with oakleaves

Commands:
High Seas Fleet
III Battle Squadron
II Battle Squadron
SMS Elsass
SMS Gazelle

Personal Information:

Reinhard Scheer served in the cruiser Bismarck, 1884-1886, was navigator of the Prince Wilhelm, 1895-1896 and in 1909-1911 was chief of the staff to Henning von Holtzendorff when the latter commanded the High Sea Fleet. Regarded as one of the most energetic and able officers in the German navy, Reinhard Scheer was commanding a battle squadron at Kiel when the Great War broke out, and continued to hold that position until the end of 1915, when Reinhard Scheer became commander-in-chief of the High Sea Fleet.

Reinhard Scheer commanded the German naval forces at Jutland with Franz von Hipper as second in command. On 11 August 1918, the latter took over the chief command when Reinhard Scheer was appointed to succeed Henning von Holtzendorff as chief of the admiralty staff. Reinhard Scheer resigned in January 1919.

Reinhard Scheer's conduct of the operations at Jutland has been the subject of much debate, the German view being that Reinhard Scheer was superior to the British commander in tactics and seamanship.

Reinhard Scheer gave his own account of the battle in Germany's High Sea Fleet in the World War published 1920.

Reinhard Scheer died November 26th, 1928.

Gallery:

Other: Personnel
Articles:

Sources:

For a complete list of sources