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Monday, 9 March 2015

Wilhelm Leopold Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz

Wilhelm Leopold Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz

Career:

Branch: Kaiserliche Heer
Born: 12 August 1843 in Bielkenfeld, Prussia.
Died: 19 April 1916 in Baghdad, Ottoman Empire.

Ranks:
Generalfeldmarschall
Generaloberst
General der Infanterie
Generalleutnant
Generalmajor
Oberst
Oberstleutnant
Major
Hauptmann
Oberleutnant
Leutnant
Fähnrich

Decorations:

Commands:

Personal Information:

Wilhelm Leopold Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz was born August 12th, 1843, at Bielkenfeld, near labiau, East Prussia. Kolmar von der Goltz entered the Prussian army as a lieutenant in 1861. In the Franco-Prussian War Kolmar von der Goltz was on the staff of Prince Frederick Charles and afterwards served on the historical section of the general staff in Berlin.

In 1883 Kolmar von der Goltz undertook the reorganization of the Turkish army, with the rank of the pasha, and remained in turkey for twelve years. In 1908 Kolmar von der Goltz became field marshal and Kolmar von der Goltz headed a German mission to Constantinople where Kolmar von der Goltz remained for some years and had much to do with the Young Turk movement.

When the Great War broke out Kolmar von der Goltz accompanied the German army into Belgium and was made governor-general, first of Brussels and then of Belgium. Early in 1915 Kolmar von der Goltz went to Turkey, and Kolmar von der Goltz commanded a Turkish army near Constantinople during the allied attack on Gallipoli. For some time Kolmar von der Goltz directed Turkish operations in the Middle East, but died of spotted fever at his headquarters on April 19, 1916.

His most notable book, The Nation in Arms, 1883, had much influence in strengthening the fighting spirit in Germany. Among his other works were The War history in Germany in the Nineteenth century and the Campaigns of Frederick the Great.

The field marshal's nephew, General von der Goltz, commanded the German forces in Latvia in 1919 and captured Riga in October of that year. He carried on a campaign in the Baltic provinces after Germany had been ordered to evacuate them.

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